Updated 20 January 2015.
A recent article suggests that Japan’s decision to surrender in 1945 was by no means unanimous. A few years ago, Ian Kershaw said the same thing about Japan’s decision to go to war in the first place….
“What a story! Think of all these people—decent, educated, the story of the past laid out before them—What to avoid—what to do etc.—patriotic, loyal, clean—trying their utmost—What a ghastly muddle they made of it! Unteachable from infancy to tomb—There is the first and main characteristic of mankind.”
—Churchill to Lord Beaverbrook, 21 May 1928.…